Curated Movies Categorized By Disability, Disorder, Disease And Other Human Challenges

Glossary

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  • Abortion, Illegal : an abortion performed contrary to the laws regulating abortion. Illegal abortions are often associated with life-threatening complications.

    Abuse, Child : Child abuse, sometimes called child maltreatment, describes four types of child mistreatment: physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect. In many cases, children are the victims of more than one type of abuse. The abusers can be parents or other family members, caregivers such as teachers or babysitters, acquaintances (including other children), and (in very rare instances) strangers.

    Abuse, Emotional : the debasement of a person's feelings that causes the individual to perceive himself or herself as inept, not cared for, and worthless.

    Abuse, Psychological : behavior that causes distress to another person but that does not involve physical assault.

    Abuse, Sex : Criminal sexual activity, especially that involving a victim below the age of sexual consent or incapable of sexual consent.

    Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) : A demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait affecting males in childhood and that is characterized by progressive blindness, deafness, tonic spasms, and mental deterioration.

    Adultery : Voluntary sexual intercourse between a married man and someone other than his wife or between a married woman and someone other than her husband.

    Agoraphobia : abnormal fear of being helpless in a situation from which escape may be difficult or embarrassing that is characterized initially often by panic or anticipatory anxiety and finally by avoidance of open or public places.

    AIDS/HIV : A disease of the human immune system that is characterized cytologically especially by reduction in the numbers of CD4-bearing helper T cells to 20 percent or less of normal thereby rendering the subject highly vulnerable to life-threatening conditions (as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) and to some (as Kaposi's sarcoma) that become life-threatening and that is caused by infection with HIV commonly transmitted in infected blood especially during illicit intravenous drug use and in bodily secretions (as semen) during sexual intercourse.

    Alcohol Abuse : the habitual excessive use of alcohol.

    Amnesia : loss of memory sometimes including the memory of personal identity due to brain injury, shock, fatigue, repression, or illness or sometimes induced by anesthesia.

    Amputation : to cut off part of a person's body.

    Anal Retentive Personality : a personality characterized by meticulous neatness and suspicion and reserve; said to be formed in early childhood by fixation during the anal stage of development (usually as a consequence of toilet training).

    Androphobia : an abnormal fear of men.

    Anemia : a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume.

    Angelman Syndrome/Smiling Puppet Syndrome : a neuro-genetic disorder characterized by severe intellectual and developmental disability, sleep disturbance, seizures, jerky movements (especially hand-flapping), frequent laughter or smiling, and usually a happy demeanor.

    Angina/ Coronary Artery Disease : Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis (sometimes called “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (called plaques) on the inner walls of the arteries. These plaques can restrict blood flow to the heart muscle by physically clogging the artery or by causing abnormal artery tone and function.

    Anorexia Nervosa : Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by immoderate food restriction and irrational fear of gaining weight, as well as a distorted body self-perception. It typically involves excessive weight loss and is usually found more in females than in males. Because of the fear of gaining weight, people with this disorder restrict the amount of food they consume. This restriction of food intake causes metabolic and hormonal disorders.

    Anterograde Amnesia : Anterograde amnesia is a loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused the amnesia, leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past, while long-term memories from before the event remain intact.

    Antisocial Personality Disorder : Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is described by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), fourth edition, as an Axis II personality disorder characterized by "... a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood." They have an "impoverished moral sense or conscience" and may have a "history of crime, legal problems, impulsive and aggressive behaviour." ASPD falls under the dramatic/erratic cluster of personality disorders.

    Anxiety : fear or nervousness about what might happen.

    Aphephobia : Fear of being touched.

    Arranged Marriage : In an arranged marriage, the bride and groom are selected by a third party rather than by each other. It is especially common in royal and aristocratic families around the world.

    Arthritis : a disease that causes the joints of the body to become swollen and painful.

    Artificial Insemination : is the deliberate introduction of semen into a female's vagina or oviduct for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through fertilisation by means other than copulation. It is the medical alternative to sexual intercourse, or natural insemination.

    Asocial Behavior : a developmental disorder characterized by severely impaired social skills, repetitive behaviors, and often, a narrow set of interests, but not involving delayed development of linguistic and cognitive abilities: now considered one of the autism spectrum disorders.

    Assisted Living/Managed Care Facility : a residence that provides a place to live and medical care for people (such as people with disabilities or elderly people) who need help with daily activities.

    Asthma : a physical condition that makes it difficult for someone to breathe.

    Attachment Disorder : an emotional and behavioral disorder arising from a failure to form a strong bond with one’s primary caregiver in early childhood and affecting one’s social relationships in later childhood and adulthood.

    Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) : a condition in which someone (such as a child) has problems with learning and behavior because of being unable to think about or pay attention to things for very long.

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : a condition, usually in children, characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) : these disorders are typically characterized by social deficits, communication difficulties, repetitive behaviors and interests, and in some cases, cognitive delays.

    Autistic Savant : a condition in which a person with serious mental disabilities, including autistic disorder, demonstrates profound and prodigious capacities or abilities far in excess of what would be considered normal. People with savant syndrome may have neurodevelopmental disorders, notably autism spectrum disorders or brain injuries. The most dramatic examples are seen in individuals who score very low on IQ tests, while demonstrating exceptional skills or brilliance in specific areas, such as rapid calculation, art, memory, or musical ability.

    Avoidant Personality Disorder : a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation, and avoidance of social interaction. Individuals afflicted with the disorder tend to describe themselves as ill at ease, anxious, lonely, and generally feel unwanted and isolated from others.

  • Bipolar Disorder : Bipolar disorder, also known as bipolar affective disorder, manic-depressive disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness classified by psychiatrists as a mood disorder. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience episodes of a frenzied mood known as mania alternating with episodes of depression.

    Biracial : of, relating to, or involving people from two races; also : having parents from two races.

    Blended Families : a family that includes children from a previous marriage of the wife, husband, or both parents.

    Body Image : a subjective picture of one's own physical appearance established both by self-observation and by noting the reactions of others.

    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) : a disordered behavior pattern with onset by early adulthood that is characterized by multiple types of psychological instability and impulsiveness, often involves fear of abandonment and a risk of suicide, and may ameliorate with age.

    Bulimia Nervosa : Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating and purging, or consuming a large amount of food in a short amount of time followed by an attempt to rid oneself of the food consumed (purging), typically by vomiting, taking a laxative, diuretic, or stimulant, and/or excessive exercise, because of an extensive concern for body weight.

  • Cancer : a malignant tumor of potentially unlimited growth that expands locally by invasion and systemically by metastasis.

    Cancer, Hodgkin's Disease : Hodgkin's lymphoma, also known as Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease, is a type of lymphoma, which is a cancer originating from white blood cells called lymphocytes.

    Cancer, Leukemia : a very serious disease in which the body forms too many white blood cells.

    Cancer, Lung : Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue or other parts of the body. Most cancers that start in lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas that derive from epithelial cells.

    Caregiving : a person who gives help and protection to someone (such as a child, an old person, or someone who is sick).

    Cataracts : a condition in which a part of your eye (called the lens) becomes cloudy and you cannot see well.

    Catatonia : a syndrome seen most frequently in schizophrenia, characterized by muscular rigidity and mental stupor, sometimes alternating with great excitement and confusion.

    Cerebral Palsy : is an umbrella term denoting a group of non-progressive, non-contagious motor conditions that cause physical disability in human development, chiefly in the various areas of body movement. That the vast majority of cases are congenital, coming at or about the time of birth.

    Cholera : a serious disease that causes severe vomiting and diarrhea and that often results in death.

    Claustrophobia : an unhappy or uncomfortable feeling caused by being in a situation that limits or restricts you.

    Club Foot : any of numerous congenital deformities of the foot in which it is twisted out of position or shape—called also talipes.

    Co-Dependent Personality Disorder : a psychological condition or a relationship in which a person is controlled or manipulated by another who is affected with a pathological condition.

    Comatose : is a state of unconsciousness lasting more than six hours, in which a person cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal sleep-wake cycle; and, does not initiate voluntary actions.

    Commitment Phobia : refers to avoidance of long-term partnership and/or marriage, but the problem is often much more pervasive, affecting school, work, and home life as well.

    Conduct Disorder : any of a number of types of repetitive and persistent antisocial behavior exhibited in childhood or adolescence.

    Convulsions/Seizures : a sudden violent shaking of the muscles in your body that you are unable to control.

    Coronary Artery Disease : a condition and especially one caused by atherosclerosis that reduces the blood flow through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle and typically results in chest pain or heart damage.

    Craniodiaphyseal Dysplasia : Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia (also known as CDD or lionitis) is an extremely rare autosomal recessive bone disorder that causes calcium to build up in the skull, disfiguring the facial features and reducing life expectancy.

    Crossdressing : the act or practice of wearing clothes made for the opposite sex.

    Cyber Bullying/Harassment : is a form of bullying or harassment using electronic forms of contact.

  • Deafness : not able to hear.

    Delusional : maintaining fixed false beliefs even when confronted with facts, usually as a result of mental illness.

    Dementia : a mental illness that causes someone to be unable to think clearly or to understand what is real and what is not real.

    Denial : a psychological defense mechanism postulated by Sigmund Freud, in which a person is faced with a fact that is too uncomfortable to accept and rejects it instead, insisting that it is not true despite what may be overwhelming evidence.

    Dependent Personality Disorder : is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term (chronic) condition in which people depend on others to meet their emotional and physical needs, with only a minority achieving normal levels of independence.

    Depression : a mental state of altered mood characterized by feelings of sadness, despair, and discouragement; distinguished from grief, which is realistic and proportionate to a personal loss. Profound depression may be an illness itself, such as major depressive disorder, or it may be symptomatic of another psychiatric disorder.

    Depression, Clinical : depression of sufficient severity to be brought to the attention of a physician and to require treatment.

    Depression, Manic : an affective disorder characterized by periods of mania alternating with periods of depression, usually interspersed with relatively long intervals of normal mood.

    Diabetes : a serious disease in which the body cannot properly control the amount of sugar in your blood because it does not have enough insulin.

    Dialysis : the process of removing some of a person's blood, cleaning it, and then returning it to the person's body.

    Diphtheria : an upper respiratory tract illness characterized by sore throat, low fever, and an adherent membrane (a pseudomembrane) on the tonsils, pharynx, and/or nasal cavity.

    Disfigurement : the state of having one's appearance deeply and persistently harmed medically, as from a disease, birth defect, or wound.

    Dissociative Identity Disorder : a disorder that is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct and complex identities or personality states each of which becomes dominant and controls behavior from time to time to the exclusion of the others and results from disruption in the integrated functions of consciousness, memory, and identity —called also multiple personality, dissociative identity disorder.

    Divorce : the ending of a marriage by a legal process.

    Domestic Violence : the inflicting of physical injury by one family or household member on another; also : a repeated or habitual pattern of such behavior.

    Dyslexia : a condition in the brain that makes it hard for a person to read, write, and spell.

  • Eating Disorders : abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual's physical and mental health; characterized by serious disturbances of eating behavior.

    Echolalia : the often pathological repetition of what is said by other people as if echoing them.

    Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) : the treatment of mental disorder and especially depression by the application of electric current to the head of a usually anesthetized patient that induces unconsciousness and convulsive seizures in the brain.

    Enabling : To behave in a manner that facilitates or supports another's abusive, addictive, or self-destructive behavior.

    Epilepsy : a disorder of the nervous system that can cause people to suddenly become unconscious and to have violent, uncontrolled movements of the body.

    Erotomania : excessive sexual desire.

    Euthanasia/Right To Die : the act or practice of killing someone who is very sick or injured in order to prevent any more suffering.

  • Feederism : the strong or exclusive sexual attraction to overweight or obese people.

    Fertility : the ability to produce offspring; power of reproduction.

    Foster Care : supervised care for delinquent or neglected children usually in an institution or substitute home.

    Foster Parenting : Foster care is the term used for a system in which a minor who has been made a ward is placed in an institution, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent". The placement of the child is usually arranged through the government or a social-service agency. The institution, group home or foster parent is compensated for expenses.

    Frigidity : Lacking sexual desire or unwilling to engage in sexual activity. Used especially of women.

  • Gaslighting : is a form of mental abuse in which false information is presented with the intent of making a victim doubt his or her own memory, perception and sanity. Instances may range simply from the denial by an abuser that previous abusive incidents ever occurred, up to the staging of bizarre events by the abuser with the intention of disorienting the victim.The term "gaslighting" comes from the play Gas Light and its film adaptations. The term is now also used in clinical and research literature.

    Gender Identity Disorder : a psychological condition marked by significant emotional distress and impairment in life functioning, caused by a lack of congruence between gender identity and biological sex assigned at birth.

    Genophobia/Coitophobia : a fear of sexual relations.

    Germaphobia : An abnormal fear of dirt or contamination.

    Gifted and Talented : a child or youth who performs at or shows the potential for performing at a remarkably high level of accomplishment when compared to others of the same age, experience, or environment and who exhibits high performance capability; possesses an unusual capacity for leadership; or excels in a specific academic field.

    Glaucoma : disease in which pressure inside the eye causes gradual loss of vision.

    GroupTherapy : a method for helping people with mental or emotional problems by having them discuss their problems together in a group.

  • Hair Pulling Disorder/Trichotillomania : an abnormal desire to pull out one's hair.

    Hermaphrodite/Intersexed : a person having both male and female sexual characteristics and genital tissues.

    Histrionic Personality Disorder : a psychological disorder usually beginning in early adulthood, characterized by excessive emotional expression and attention-seeking behavior.

    Homelessness : having no place to live.

    Hunger Strike : the act of refusing to eat as a way of showing that you strongly disagree with or disapprove of something.

    Hypersexuality : exhibiting unusual or excessive concern with or indulgence in sexual activity.

    Hypochondria : unusual or excessive concern about your health : a tendency to fear or imagine that you have illnesses that you do not actually have.

  • Illegitimacy : The condition of being born to unmarried parents. It was once considered a mark of disgrace but is generally more accepted now.

    Illiteracy : the state of not knowing how to read or write.

    Immune Deficiency : An innate, acquired, or induced inability to develop a normal immune response.

    Impotency : a chronic inability to attain or sustain an erection for the performance of a sexual act. Sterility, especially in the male.

    Incest : sexual intercourse between people who are very closely related.

    Inferiority Complex : a belief that you are less worthy or important than other people.

    Infertility : not able to reproduce : not able to produce children.

    Insanity : severe mental illness : the condition of being insane.

    Insecurity : not confident about yourself or your ability to do things well : nervous and uncomfortable.

    Insomnia : the condition of not being able to sleep.

    Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) : a form of fertility treatment in which sperm are injected directly into the uterus.

  • Kleptomania/Shoplifting : a mental illness in which you have a strong desire to steal things.

  • Lacunar Amnesia : A condition in which memory is partially lost or the memory of isolated events is lost.

    Language Acquisition : Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

    Learned Helplessness : the act of giving up trying as a result of consistent failure to be rewarded in life, thought to be a cause of depression.

    Learning Disabilities : any of several conditions characterized in school-aged children by difficulty in accomplishing specific tasks, esp. reading and writing, and associated with impaired development of a part of the central nervous system.

    Leukemia : a very serious disease in which the body forms too many white blood cells.

    Life Support : the equipment, material, and treatment needed to keep a very sick or hurt patient alive.

    Limp/Antalgic Gait : to walk in a slow and awkward way because of an injury to a leg or foot.

    Lionitis : Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia (also known as CDD or lionitis) is an extremely rare autosomal recessive bone disorder that causes calcium to build up in the skull, disfiguring the facial features and reducing life expectancy.

    Lipreading/Speechreading : the interpreting of speech by watching the speaker's lip and facial movements without hearing the voice.

    Literacy : the ability to read and write.

    Little People/People of Small Stature : people of unusually small size; a.k.a. midgets or dwarfs.

    Living Wills : document in which you say what medical decisions should be made if you become too sick or injured to make those decisions.

    Lung Cancer : Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue or other parts of the body.

  • Malaria : a serious disease that causes chills and fever and that is passed from one person to another by the bite of mosquitoes.

    Masochism : enjoyment of pain : pleasure that someone gets from being abused or hurt; especially : sexual enjoyment from being hurt or punished.

    Menopause : the time in a woman's life when blood stops flowing from her body each month : the time when a woman stops menstruating.

    Miscarriage : a condition in which a pregnancy ends too early and does not result in the birth of a live baby.

    Misogyny : a hatred of women.

    Mobility : the ability to move physically.

    Multiple Sclerosis : a disease of the nervous system that causes the gradual loss of muscle control.

    Mute : not able or willing to speak.

  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder : a personality disorder characterized especially by an exaggerated sense of self-importance, persistent need for admiration, lack of empathy for others, excessive pride in achievements, and snobbish, disdainful, or patronizing attitudes.

    Nervous Breakdown/Collapse : a sudden failure of mental health that makes someone unable to live normally.

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) : a psychoneurotic disorder in which the patient is beset with obsessions or compulsions or both, and suffers extreme anxiety or depression through failure to think the obsessive thoughts or perform the compelling acts.

    Oppositional Defiant Disorder : a disruptive behavior pattern of childhood and adolescence characterized by defiant, disobedient, and hostile behavior especially toward adults in positions of authority.

    Osteogenesis Imperfecta : a hereditary disease caused by defective or deficient collagen production and marked by extreme brittleness of the long bones and a bluish color of the whites of the eyes—called also fragilitas ossium, osteopsathyrosis.

  • Pancreatic Cancer : Cancer of the pancreas arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass. These cancerous cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body.

    Panic Attacks : an episode of intense fear or apprehension that is of sudden onset and may occur for no apparent reason or as a reaction to an identifiable triggering stimulus (as a stressful event); specifically : one that is accompanied by usually four or more bodily or cognitive symptoms (as heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, or feelings of unreality) and that typically peaks within 10 minutes of onset.

    Paralysis : complete or partial loss of function especially when involving the power of motion or of sensation in any part of the body.

    Paranoia : a serious mental illness that causes you to falsely believe that other people are trying to harm you.

    Parapalegia : paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs usually due to disease of or injury to the spinal cord.

    Parkinson’s Disease : a chronic progressive neurological disease chiefly of later life that is linked to decreased dopamine production, and is marked especially by tremor of resting muscles, rigidity, slowness of movement, impaired balance, and a shuffling gait.

    Passive Aggressive Behavior : Passive-aggressive behavior is behavior that expresses aggression in an indirect, passive way. This includes procrastination, hostile jokes (though jokes in general are recognized as a method of expressing veiled hostility),stubbornness, resentment, sullenness, or deliberate/repeated failure to accomplish requested tasks for which one is (often explicitly) responsible.

    Pneumonia : a serious disease that affects the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe.

    Polio : a serious disease that affects the nerves of the spine and often makes a person permanently unable to move particular muscles.

    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : a mental condition that can affect a person who has had a very shocking or difficult experience and that is usually characterized by depression, anxiety, stress, etc.

    Promiscuity : Promiscuity, in human sexual behaviour, is the practice of casual sex with multiple sexual partners.

    Prostate Condition : The prostate gland tends to grow larger with age. As it grows it may squeeze the urethra and cause problems with urination. This condition is known as Enlarged Prostate or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).

    Prosthetics : the fabrication and fitting of prosthetic devices, especially artificial limbs.

    Prostitution : the act of having sex in exchange for money.

    Psychogenic/Dissociative Amnesia : Psychogenic amnesia, or dissociative amnesia, is a memory disorder characterized by sudden retrograde autobiographical memory loss, said to occur for a period of time ranging from hours to years. More recently, "dissociative amnesia" has been defined as a dissociative disorder "characterized by retrospectively reported memory gaps. These gaps involve an inability to recall personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature."

    Psychopathy : mental disorder especially when marked by egocentric and antisocial activity.

    Psychosis : having or relating to a very serious mental illness that makes you act strangely or believe things that are not true.

    Psychosis : a serious mental illness characterized by defective or lost contact with reality often with hallucinations or delusions.

  • Quadriplegia : a person who is permanently unable to move or feel both arms and both legs because of injury or illness.

  • Repression : The unconscious exclusion of painful impulses, desires, or fears from the conscious mind.

    Respiratory Failure : a condition in which the respiratory system is unable to provide an adequate supply of oxygen or to remove carbon dioxide efficiently.

    Retrograde Amnesia : Retrograde amnesia (RA) is a loss of memory-access to events that occurred, or information that was learned, before an injury or the onset of a disease.

    Rheumatic Fever : a serious disease especially of young people that causes fever, swelling and pain in the joints, and sometimes damage to the heart.

    Rhumetoid Arthritis : a serious disease that continues to become worse over a long period of time and that causes the joints to become very painful, stiff, and swollen.

  • Scapegoat Identity : a person who is unfairly blamed for something that others have done.

    Scarlet Fever : A severe bacterial infection giving rise to body rash and hair loss.

    Schizoid Personality Disorder : is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, and apathy.

    Schizophrenia : a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.

    Scoliosis : an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, of congenital origin or caused by trauma or disease of the vertebrae or hipbones.

    Second Language Acquisition : second-language learning, or L2 acquisition, is the process by which people learn a second language.

    Seizures/Convulsions : an abnormal state in which you become unconscious and your body moves in an uncontrolled and violent way.

    Self-Esteem : a feeling of having respect for yourself and your abilities.

    Sexual Dysfunction : Sexual dysfunction or sexual malfunction is difficulty experienced by an individual or a couple during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including physical pleasure, desire, preference, arousal or orgasm.

    Sexual Harassment, Female : uninvited and unwelcome verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature especially by a person.

    Sexuality : the sexual habits and desires of a person.

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) : any of various diseases or infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact including some (as syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital herpes) chiefly spread by sexual means and others (as hepatitis B and AIDS) often contracted by nonsexual means.

    Sexual Reassignment Surgery : is a term for the surgical procedures by which a person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that of the other sex.

    Sexual Therapy : Sex therapy is the treatment of sexual dysfunction, such as non-consummation, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, low libido, unwanted sexual fetishes, sexual addiction, painful sex, or a lack of sexual confidence, assisting people who are recovering from sexual assault, problems commonly caused by stress, tiredness, and other environmental and relationship factors. Sex therapists assist those experiencing problems in overcoming them, in doing so possibly regaining an active sex life.

    Siamese Twins : either of a pair of conjoined twins.

    Single Parenting : A single parent (or solo parent) is a parent, not living with a spouse or partner, who has most of the day-to-day responsibilities in raising the child or children.

    Smallpox : a serious disease that causes fever and a rash and often death.

    Social Anxiety Disorder : is a discomfort or a fear when a person is in social interactions that involve a concern about being judged or evaluated by others.

    Sociopathy : a person with a psychopathic personality whose behavior is antisocial, often criminal, and who lacks a sense of moral responsibility or social conscience.

    Spinal Cord Injury : any injury to the spinal cord that is caused by trauma instead of disease.

    Stillbirth : the birth of a dead baby.

    Stress : a state of mental tension and worry caused by problems in your life.

    Stroke : the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.

    Stuttering/Stammering : to have a speech problem that causes you to repeat the beginning sound of some words.

    Substance Abuse : Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals.

    Suicidal : wanting to kill yourself.

    Surrogate Parenting : an arrangement for a woman to carry and give birth to a child who will be raised by others.

    Survivor Guilt : feelings of guilt for having survived a catastrophe in which others died.

  • Throat Cancer : Head and neck cancer refers to a group of biologically similar cancers that start in the lip, oral cavity (mouth), nasal cavity (inside the nose), paranasal sinuses, pharynx, and larynx.

    Tourette Syndrome : a familial neuropsychiatric disorder of variable expression that is characterized by multiple recurrent involuntary tics involving body movements (as eye blinks, grimaces, or knee bends) and vocalizations (as grunts, snorts, or utterance of inappropriate words), that often has one or more associated behavioral or psychiatric conditions (as attention deficit disorder or obsessive-compulsive behavior), that is more common in males than females, and that usually has an onset in childhood and often stabilizes adulthood.

    Transgenderism : of, relating to, or being a person (as a transsexual) who identifies with or expresses a gender identity that differs from the one which corresponds to the person's sex at birth.

    Tuberculosis : a usually chronic, highly variable disease usually communicated by inhalation of the airborne causative agent, affects especially the lungs but may spread to other areas (as the kidney or spinal column) from local lesions or by way of the lymph or blood vessels, and is characterized by fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing,

  • Ulcers : usually is used to refer to disorders in the upper digestive tract.

  • Vertigo : may result from diseases of the inner ear or may be due to disturbances of the vestibular centers or pathways in the central nervous system; a feeling of dizziness caused especially by being in a very high place.

    Virginity, Female : the state of never having had sexual intercourse.

    Virginity, Male : the state of never having had sexual intercourse.

    Vision : the ability to see.

    Voyeurism : a person who gets sexual pleasure from secretly watching other people have sex.

  • Werner Syndrome/Progeroid Syndrome : a rare genetic disorder with onset during adolescence or early adulthood that is characterized by cessation of growth at puberty and by premature and accelerated aging with associated abnormalities (as muscle wasting, cataracts, osteoporosis, and hypogonadism) and that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.

    Whiplash : injury resulting from a sudden sharp whipping movement of the neck and head (as of a person in a vehicle that is struck head-on or from the rear by another vehicle).

    Writer's Block : a psychological inhibition preventing a writer from proceeding with a piece of writing.